- caprice [kə prēs′]n.[Fr < It capriccio, a shivering, whim < capo (< L caput, HEAD) + riccio, curl, frizzled, lit., hedgehog (< L ericius: see URCHIN); hence, orig., head with bristling hair, horripilation; meaning infl. by assoc. with It capriola (see CAPRIOLE) & capra < L capra, she-goat]1. a sudden, impulsive change in the way one thinks or acts; freakish notion; whim2. a capricious quality or nature3. Music a capriccioSYN.- CAPRICE refers to a sudden, impulsive, apparently unmotivated turn of mind or emotion [discharged at the caprice of a foreman ]; WHIM and WHIMSY both refer to an idle, quaint, or curious notion, but WHIM more often suggests willfulness and WHIMSY fancifulness [pursuing a whim, he wrote a poem full of whimsy]; VAGARY suggests a highly unusual or extravagant notion [the vagaries in fashion in women's clothes ]; CROTCHET implies great eccentricity and connotes stubbornness in opposition to prevailing thought, usually on some insignificant point [his crotchets concerning diet ]
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.